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Ephesus - The Library Of Celsus
cwo3ward @ 11/ 06/ 2009

When we arrived in Turkey at Kusadasi, we took an excursion that we booked through the cruise ship we were on.  I had read about the tour in advance and was looking forward to seeing this ancient city.  The tour bus arrived at the site and we followed the guide through the gates and back in time.


The Library of Celsus was constructed in 117 AD.  The name comes from Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, who was the proconsul in Ephesus, the capital city of the province of Asia, between 105 and 107 AD.  He died when he was 70 years old.  His son, Gaius Julius Aquila, built the structure as a grave monument. Since it wasn't permitted to build a tomb inside the city walls, the structure may have been converted to a library because of its central location.  The library had niches and platforms built to allow people to access the scrolls kept inside.  It is estimated that the library could store approximately 12,000 scrolls.  The walls behind the shelves were hollow, which protected the scrolls from too much moisture.


The library of Celsus was one of the four most important libraries in the area.  The others were in Alexandria, Pergamon and Nysa.  The facade of the library most likely collapsed during an earthquake in the 10th century AD.

What were the WOW moments you experienced?
The library building was built out of beautiful, decorative marble and was very impressive. This was quite a monument and was very nicely restored during the years 1970 to 1978.
Turkey, Ephesus, Ephesus
Ephesus  Library  

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