The Giza Necropolis, also known as the Giza Pyramid Complex is definitely the number one tourist attraction in Egypt and possibly even in the whole world. The Complex consists of the three Great Pyramids, the Great Sphinx, several smaller tombs, a workers' village and variety of other interesting structures which will take you back to the time of ancient Egypt. It would be a sin not to visit the Giza Necropolis if visiting Egypt though it can be crowded, especially at the peak tourist season.
The Giza Necropolis consists of three Great Pyramids including the Pyramid of Khafre, Pyramid of Menkaure and the Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu which is the largest, the greatest and most famous of all ancient Egyptian pyramids as well as the only surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The 137 meters (479 feet) tall - originally 146 meters (479 feet) was built as a tomb for pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) within about two decades. It was completed around year 2560 BC and was the tallest structure in the world until 1311 when it was surpassed by the Lincoln Cathedral, England. However, the Great Pyramid of Giza remains the most massive structure in the world.
On the east side of the pyramid complex is found the mysterious Great Sphinx, a monumental sculpture with a human face and lion's body which is the oldest known monumental sculpture in the world. The 73.5 meters (241 feet) long and 20.22 (64.34 feet) tall sculpture is traditionally believed to have been built by the ancient Egyptians during the reign of pharaoh Khafra in the mid-3rd millennium BC though some scholars suggest it was built a lot earlier. Just as exciting are the Queens' Pyramids and Nobles' Tombs surrounding the royal pyramids which offer a great opportunity to descend into the tomb.
It is recommendable to arrive to the Giza Pyramids Complex at the minute they open to avoid the heat as well as the crowds of tourists. The Complex is located in the desert plateau about 9 kilometers (5 miles) from the town of Giza on the Nile and about 25 kilometers (15 miles) from the center of Cairo. You can get there by taxi or bus. If deciding for the latter option you are recommended to take the Cairo Transport Authority that leaves from the airport and Heliopolis (Cairo suburb) every 20 minutes. The bus also stops at a station next to the Egyptian Museum. The Giza Necropolis is open to visitors daily from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM.